viernes, 25 de septiembre de 2015

Crear un servidor Munin

Munin is a networked resource monitoring tool that can be used to monitor all computers on your network. It displays the gathered information from your system as graphs through a web based interface. With the help of Munin, you can monitor the performance of your computers, services, networks, SANs, applications, weather measurements etc.
How it works?
Munin uses RRDTool and a frame work written in perl. Munin has a master-node architecture in which the master connects to all the nodes at regular intervals and asks them for data. It then stores the data in RRD files, and updates the graphs.
Install Munin On CentOS 6.5
While this tutorial is applicable for CentOS 6.5 32 bit Edition, it should serve you well on other RPM based distributions too.
Munin will not be found in base repositories, hence we add EPEL repository to install Munin. Refer the following link to Add EPEL Repository in your CentOS 6.x systems.
Fedora users need not to install EPEL, Munin is found in the default repositories of Fedora.
Since Munin is a web based Monitoring tool, your CentOS server should have a working LAMP stack. To install LAMP server on CentOS 6.x, follow the below link.
Now let us install Munin with command:
# yum install munin munin-node -y
After installing munin, a folder named munin will be created automatically under your apache root document.
Edit file /etc/httpd/conf.d/munin.conf,
# vi /etc/munin/munin.conf
Add/Edit as shown below.
#Uncomment the following lines
dbdir   /var/lib/munin
htmldir /var/www/html/munin
logdir /var/log/munin
rundir  /var/run/munin


# a simple host tree. Set your system name
use_node_name yes

Save and close the file.
Set ownership to munin directory in the apache root document folder with following command.
# chown -R munin:munin /var/www/html/munin/
Edit file /etc/httpd/conf.d/munin.conf,
# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/munin.conf
Add the following lines at the end.
<Directory /var/www/html/munin/>
Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from
Here i allowed the clients who has IP address in series to view the Munin graphs. If you want to allow all clients to access Munin graphs, change the line Allow from toAllow from All.
Setup user to Munin
Now we have to setup the munin administrative account. Please note that munin administrative account name is “Munin”. It will be found in the /etc/httpd/conf.d/munin.conf file at the top.

AuthName "Munin"

You can change admin account name as per your liking. Now enter the following command to setup the password for the user “Munin”.
# htpasswd -c /etc/munin/munin-htpasswd Munin
New password:
Re-type new password:
Adding password for user Munin
You don’t have to use -c parameter if you want to add additional users.
Now start/restart apache and munin services with following commands.
# service httpd restart
# service munin-node start
# chkconfig munin-node on
Note: Wait for a couple of minutes or reboot your system to allow munin to create necessary files/folders automatically on your apache root folder.
Access Munin
Now you can access the munin web interface from your browser with URL http://domain-name/munin orhttp://ip-address/munin.
Enter the username and its password which we created earlier. In my case its Munin and centos.
New Tab - Mozilla Firefox_001This is how my Munin dashboard looks.
Mozilla Firefox_002Click on the hostname, you’ll see now the server status as graphs.
Munin :: unixmen.local :: server.unixmen.local - Mozilla Firefox_003By default, there are five categories(plugins) on the left to make easy to understand and monitor system status.
– Disk
– Network
– Postfix
– processes
– System
Disk Monitoring:
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_004Network:
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_005Postfix:
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_006Processes:
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_007System:
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_008Add Monitoring Client
We can monitor remote hosts too. Go to your client systems and install munin-node package.
# yum install munin-node -y
Edit file /etc/munin/munin-node.conf,
# vi /etc/munin/munin-node.conf
Set client hostname and specify Munin server IP address.
host_name sk


allow ^192\.168\.1\.101$
allow ^::1$

Save and close file. Here sk is my client hostname. is my Munin server IP address.
Start munin-node service on your client system.
# service munin-node start
# chkconfig munin-node on
Then go to your Munin server and add the client system host name and ip address in/etc/munin/munin.conf file at the end.
# vi /etc/munin/munin.conf
Add the following lines.
use_node_name yes
Save and close. Restart the munin service. Wait for couple of minutes(approximately 5 minutes) or reboot the Munin server to allow munin to create necessary files/folders for your monitoring target.
Mozilla Firefox_009As you see in the above screen shot, My client desktop has been added to Munin server.
Enable more Munin plugins
By default, there are only few monitoring items(plugins) will be shown in Munin interface. But there are many and we can add them if we need. Those items will be found under the directory/usr/share/munin/plugins/.
For example, here we will add mysql plugins. To do that, create a sym link to the plugins as shown below.
# ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mysql_* /etc/munin/plugins/
Restart munin-node service on your server.
# service munin-node restart
Wait for 5 minutes and you’ll see that the mysql items will be added as shown below.
Munin - Mozilla Firefox_010That’s it. We reached the end of this tutorial. Most of you will probably figure out how to install and configure Munin server/clients and also how to monitor the various services using Munin. But while it’s fairly simple, it’s not trivial. Any how If you need additional details, refer the link given below.


Incrementar la capacidad de disco vmware

To increase the capacity of a VMFS datastore:
  1. In vCenter Server, select the Datastores view.
  2. Select the datastore you want to grow and identify the host that has more virtual machines running on it.
  3. Open another vSphere client that connects directly to the ESX host.
  4. Go to Configuration > Storage adapters and perform a rescan. For more information, see Performing a rescan of the storage on an ESX/ESXi host (1003988).
  5. Go to Configuration > Storage, click the datastore that you want to grow, and click Properties.
  6. Ensure that the new size of the device is listed in the Extent Device list. If the increased size does not reflect, review the changes on the storage array and rescan again.
  7. Click Increase.
  8. Select a device from the list of storage devices for which the Expandable column is Yes and click Next.
  9. Set the capacity for the extent. The default capacity for the extent is the entire free space on the storage device.

    Note: VMware recommends you to use the default setting.
  10. Click Next.
  11. After the process completes, go to vCenter Server, right-click the cluster that sees the expanded datastore, and click Rescan for Datastores. For more information, see Performing a rescan of the storage on an ESX/ESXi host (1003988).
  12. If there are other hosts that see the expanded datastore, perform a rescan on these hosts also.
Note: If the LUN experiences a high I/O throughput when growing the VMFS, the ESX host is not able to complete the operation. In such a case, repeat the process during non-business hours and when backup operations are not running. If the problem persists, power off some of the virtual machines residing on the LUN and then retry.
Note: In case, After step 6 and/or 7, if you do not see the datastore, try performing the same steps by connecting to the stand alone ESXi host directly rather than from vCenter server.